World Kidney Day- March 12, 2020
Theme: “Kidney Health for Everyone Everywhere- From Prevention to Detection and Equitable Access to Care
Kidney disease is a non-communicable disease (NCD) which affects around 850 million people globally. Kidney disease can be delayed and/or prevented with access to basic diagnostics and early treatment.
“This year World Kidney Day continues to raise awareness of the increasing burden of kidney diseases worldwide and to strive for kidney health for everyone, everywhere.”
Prevention involves three (3) categories:
- Primary Prevention
- Secondary Prevention
- Tertiary Prevention
Primary Prevention consists of intervening before health effects occur in an effort to prevent the onset of kidney disease before the disease process begins. This includes the promoting of healthy lifestyles including physical activity and healthy diets as well as the the maintenance of risk factors such as diabetes, hypertension, structural abnormalities of the kidney and urinary tracts.
Secondary Prevention suggests preventive measures that lead to early diagnosis and prompt treatment of kidney disease to prevent more severe problems developing.
Tertiary Prevention indicates managing kidney disease after it has been well established, in order to control the progression of the disease and the emergence of more severe complications.
In 2020, World Kidney calls on everyone to advocate for concrete measures in every country to promote and advance kidney disease prevention including:
- Renewed focus on primary care, awareness raising and education including patient empowerment and cross-specialty training
- Whole-of-government, whole-of-society, health in all policies, multisectoral collaboration to promote prevention of kidney disease.
Extract taken from https://www.worldkidneyday.org/2020-campaign/2020-wkd-theme/